Chess Board Black Side

A chess board black side occupies one half of the 64 squares on a regulation board. The object of this game is to capture or replace each of your opponent’s pieces with one of your own, or to checkmate the opposing king, who is in the center of the board.

These pieces have different moves and powers when attacking or defending pieces and boards. While there is some universal agreement on piece movement, every player has his/her own reasonable interpretation. As such, each opponent's strategy will be slightly different and it’s useful to be familiar with each piece type so that you can plan ahead for them in games.

Black Side Pieces:

  • The King: The most important game piece and must never be put in danger (check). A King can make any move that is available to a chess piece but can only move one square at a time.
  • The Queen: The most powerful game piece and may make any set number of moves as long as they are in a single direction (straight line).
  • Bishops: Move diagonally in either direction with no restriction on how far they may travel before taking another piece (they have unlimited range).
  • Knights: Jump over other pieces and are restricted to two squares perpendicular and then one square diagonal on either side between jumps.
  • Rooks: May move horizontally or vertically for any number of squares without restriction (unlimited range).
  • Pawns: Move forward only, one square at a time unless making an opening move where they may advance two squares if unopposed. If an opponent occupies either adjacent diagonal space, or if it guards a passageway leading away from the king's destination then this special ability comes into play – en passant capture which enables pawns to capture pieces neither sideways nor diagonally but 2 spaces straight forward form them and only after their opponent has made an opening move just like their own involving the particular pawn being attacked (en passant capture).

History of Chess

Chess is an ancient game that has been around since the 6th century. It is a game of strategy and skill that has been enjoyed by millions of people for centuries. The game of chess has a rich history and the black side of the board is particularly interesting. Let's take a look at the history of the chess board's black side.

Origins of Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game that is believed to have originated in India during the Gupta Empire sometime between the 5th and 6th centuries AD. Much of its early history remains unknown, but during its formative years, it probably borrowed elements from the Indian game of Chaturanga and the Persian games of Shatranj and Middlegame Chess.

The modern game of Chess has evolved over the centuries and today is played all over the world. Modern Chess pieces include two sets, one for each player, consisting of 16 pieces–a king, a queen, two bishops, two knights, two rooks (or castles), and eight pawns. There are 64 alternating light-and-dark squares on the board called a checkered board. The goal is to checkmate the opponent's king by trapping it so that it can’t move anywhere without being captured by an opposing piece.

Though tournament play has become increasingly popular in recent years with live competitions regularly held in countries like China, Russia and Germany today, chess retains its traditional character with many local cultures adapting their own versions to fit their own beliefs or tastes. Whether you are enjoying this classic game amongst friends or competing in grand tournaments at international level–there’s no denying that chess remains one of humanity’s most beloved pastimes with both recreation and strategy as crucial components for success regardless of which color side wins on any given day.

Evolution of the Chess Board

The modern chess board is the result of centuries of evolution. Its ancestors trace back to ancient India and Persia, where various forms of the game have been played for at least 1500 years. The physical board as we know it today was originally developed in medieval Europe where its pieces and rules were standardized.

The earliest boards consisted of 64 black and white squares. That is still true today, but the materials used have changed significantly over the years. In early versions, the squares were made of wood or stone and sometimes even fashioned from marble or ivory. Later boards used hand-painted cloth squares, while many modern boards incorporate plastic or wood finishes into their designs.

In more recent versions, rules governing which pieces can stand where have been developed to make play easier for novices and provide better balance for experts. Chess boards also feature two sets of specialized markings that indicate how each piece can move:

  • lines to guide pawns,
  • circles for rooks,
  • arrows for knights, etc.,

helping players identify their own pieces as well as their opponents’ so they can make strategic decisions about how best to attack or defend against them.

No matter what type of board you choose, understanding its history will help you make the most out of your chess experience!

Components of a Chess Board

A chess board consists of 64 squares that are alternating between two colors. The back side of a chess board is usually black, with eight rows and eight columns of squares. Each square on the chessboard is identified by a unique combination of a letter and number.

Knowing the components of a chessboard is essential if you are planning on playing chess. Let's dive deeper into the components of a chessboard:


A chessboard is composed of 64 squares, alternating in color between black and white. Each square measures one-inch across and is spaced 1/8 inch apart. The standard design for a chessboard is two alternating shades of brown or tan for the light and dark squares. In some cases, attractive board designs are available with different colors, patterns and materials in place of the traditional squares.

Each one of the 64 chess squares has an identifying label known as an algebraic notation that can be used to describe the position of pieces on the board. The notations consist of a corresponding letter (a-h) and number (1-8) that denote each individual square on the board. For black's pieces, these labels run backwards due to their opposite perspective on the playing field. Supportive numbers are also included along with each set of letters to indicate multiple vertical rows in longer moves such as castling or en passant captures.


Chess pieces, also known as chessmen, are standardized sets of small objects that are used to play the game of chess. Each player begins the game with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. All of the pieces have specific movement capabilities and various points or values assigned to them in order to determine the winner.

The King is the most important piece on a chessboard. This piece can move one square in any direction but cannot castle or capture its own pieces. The Queen is considered the most powerful piece on a board and can move an unlimited number of squares diagonally, horizontally or vertically without jumping over other pieces.

Rooks can move any number of squares in a horizontal or vertical line but cannot jump over other pieces. Knights move in an L-shape pattern (two squares horizontally then one square vertically) and are unique among pieces due to their ability to jump over other obstacles while moving; they are often times called “knights”. Bishops can move any number of squares diagonally but may not jump over other pieces. And finally, Pawns move forward one square at a time with the exception of their opening two-square movement; they can capture enemy pieces only by moving diagonally forward one square at a time – they do not have backward capturing moves like all the larger-valued pieces do!


Setting up a chess board is a relatively straightforward process. The chess board itself is composed of 64 alternating light and dark squares arranged in an alternating pattern of eight rows and eight columns. Traditionally, the lighter colored squares are identified as “white” and the darker colored squares as “black”, conjuring to mind a black-and-white color patterned board.

Each player will place their 16 pieces (consisting of 8 pawns, 2 rooks, 2 knights, 2 bishops, 1 queen and 1 king) within two ranks (the first also called the 8th rank; the second or back rank being the 1st). The pieces should be placed in specific positions as follows:

  1. The rooks occupy the corners
  2. The knights placed on either side of the rooks in their respective colors
  3. The bishops are then positioned on either side of the knights; again following back & white color arrangement
  4. Right at the centre pieces like queen & king should be placed following alternate order for both players; i.e. White's queen at E1 & black's queen at E8 & same with King’s position
  5. The final layer of assembling are 8 pawns which occupy each space along front row for both players

Strategy of the Black Side

Playing against black on a chess board is a unique experience with endless possibilities. The black side of the chess board offers a different set of strategy options and playing styles that can give you the edge. In this article, we will dive into the strategies and tactics of playing the black side of chess. We'll discuss how to maneuver your pieces, how to use the black square advantage and important endgame principles, among other topics.

Opening Strategies

When playing the black side in a match of chess, the first action must be a response to white’s opening move. With each side having 16 pieces and a range of possible opening moves, it is important for black to have an overall strategy in mind.

Openings can be either aggressive or passive, with each strategy having its own strengths and weaknesses. Aggressive openings put pressure on white as quickly as possible and can help to create tactical opportunities for black. On the other hand, passive openings rely on positional maneuvers rather than immediate attack and can help you gain a more advantageous position over time.

For those looking for strategies that maximize their chances of success, analyzing well-established openings is recommended. This will give you the best idea of when to use various positions from certain lines with maximum impact. Some of the most popular openings that a chess player might use while playing as black are:

  • The Sicilian Defense
  • The French Defense
  • The Caro-Kann Defense
  • The Modern Defense
  • The Pirc/Modern Defense Hybrid
  • The Benoni Defence

Middle Game Strategies

Throughout the middle game, black should continue developing minor pieces towards the center and trying to exchange pieces with white. Black should also take some time to completely control any passed pawns for as long as possible and prevent them from advancing. It is important to resist white’s plans of pushing pawns in order to isolate black’s rook from its support.

Black should look for opportunities to obtain a spatial initiative by placing pieces really close together while breaking down the position. This will generate a lot of tension that can be used to launch strong attacks against the White King or areas where White has less material, such as in the center or on one of the wings.

Black needs to look out for forks and pins and make sure that they do not put too much material at risk. Also, it is important to avoid leaving exposed pieces where they can easily be captured by White so it is beneficial if Black can find an opportunity for material exchanges and simplify the game into a more manageable endgame.

Finally, in many complicated games, black’s best strategy may be not just to swap pieces but also attack or counter-attack if possible and strive for a winning position before transitioning into a higher level endgame strategy like endgame tactics and gaining strength from passed pawns or exploiting weakness from overloaded pieces on the board.

End Game Strategies

Once you reach the endgame stage of chess, with few pieces left on each side, players must employ careful strategy to outwit their opponent. End game strategies for the black side can include creating a passed pawn, fortress building, trapping strategies and using outside passed pawns.

Creating a passed pawn is a strategy for the black side in which it pushes one of its remaining pawns ahead and moves other pieces to support it; with enough protection given, this gives black an advantage since without pawns on both sides, there is no way to win except by checkmating the king or forcing a drawn situation.

Fortress building is another key strategy used by the black player; basically this requires placing the pieces into such positions that they protect each other so that checkmate is no longer possible. This can force a draw because both players will have equal materials but have equal threats so neither will be able Chess Board Black Side